First, we should grasp the elements of narrative
Narrative-based articles generally contain six basic elements: time, place, event, character and event occurrence, cause and result of development. Of course, this is not to say that every narrative must specify the six elements. In some articles, if some elements of the six elements are well known to the reader, it is not necessary to write them as long as they do not affect the effect of expression. That is to say, although some elements are not specified, they are already available in the article.
Reading narrative and grasping narrative elements are the basis and key to understand the content of the full text. Only by clarifying the context of the characters'activities or events, can we accurately grasp the purpose of the article from the material.
2. To Discriminate Narrative Clues
In organizing materials, no matter which narrative method is used, narrative must form an organic whole, so excellent narrative has a clear clue. Or take the transfer of time, the change of space and the development of thoughts and feelings as narrative clues, or run through the whole text with specific questions and articles.
When reading, we can have a clear understanding of the structure and organization of the article by grasping the clues leading the whole article. Therefore, grasping the clues of narration is also an important aspect of narrative reading.
In order to accurately grasp the narrative clues, first of all, we need to understand the original text, understand the relationship between the characters and the context of events. On this basis, the relationship between the various materials is analyzed, and the relationship between these materials is speculated. Find out the organic connection of the material, that is to say, find the clue of the article.
In fact, as far as its nature is concerned, the clue is the link between the light and the dark. Its function is to make the material unified, the structure rigorous, and the content of the article easy to express. Therefore, the clue is also the reflection of the author's writing ideas in the article. Reading narrative, we must guess the author's thinking, accurately grasp the clues of the article.
3. Clarifying the Narrative Order
Narrative is mainly about people and stories. In order to express the need of thematic thinking, narrative materials must be arranged in a subordinate, sequential and detailed way. The process of describing people's activities and events can be written in accordance with the time sequence or the development process of events; it can also break the original order of development of things, and mention a prominent event in the final outcome or development process before writing, and then turn back to narrate in accordance with the sequence of occurrence and development of events.
It may also be that during the narrative process, the narrative is temporarily interrupted, another paragraph related to the center is inserted, and then the original narrative is continued. This forms several narrative modes, such as narrative narration, narrative narration and narrative insertion, and becomes a feature of narrative style.
4. Understanding the Role of Description, Comment and Lyrics
The main way of expression of narrative is narrative, but it is often supplemented by description, comment and lyric. Make the article full of literature and feelings, the characters described are full of flesh and blood, vivid, the events written are meticulous and vivid, and the thoughts and feelings of the article are more distinct and prominent. Reading the narrative and understanding the descriptive, argumentative and lyric functions are important ways to grasp the content of the full text and the author's thoughts and feelings.