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春考记叙文答题技巧分析与总结【一】;
时间:2019年03月14日

春考记叙文答题技巧分析与总结【一】;
 
 
一、要把握记叙的要素
 
以记叙为主的文章,一般都要包含时间、地点、事件、人物和事件发生、发展的原因和结果这六个基本要素。当然,这并不是说,每一篇记叙文,对这六个要素都务必写明,在有的文章中,如果六要素中的某些要素是读者熟知的,只要不影响表达效果就不必非写出来。也就是说:有些要素虽然没有写明,文章中也已经具备了。
 
阅读记叙文,把握记叙的要素,是了解全文内容的基础和关键。只有把文章所写的人物的活动或事件的来龙去脉搞清楚了,才能由材料出发准确把握文章的宗旨。
 
二、要辨析记叙线索
 
记叙文在组织材料时,无论运用哪一种记叙方式,都必须将材料构成一个有机整体,因此优秀的记叙文都有一条清晰的线索。或者以时间的转移、空间的变换、思想感情的发展为记叙线索,或以具体的问题、物品贯穿全文。
 
阅读时抓住了统领全篇的线索,就能对文章的结构条理有一个清楚的认识。因此,把握记叙的线索也是记叙文阅读的一个重要方面。
 
要想准确地把握记叙的线索,首先要吃透原文,弄清人物之间的关系和事件的来龙去脉。在此基础上,分析各个材料之间的联系,揣测这些材料是凭借什么联系在一起的。弄清了材料的有机的联系,也就是找到了文章的线索。
 
实际上,线索就其性质来讲就是联结材料的或明或暗的纽带,其作用就是使材料统一,结构严谨,便于文章内容的表达。因此,线索也就是作者写作思路在文章中的体现。阅读记叙文,必须揣测作者的思路,准确地把握文章的线索。
 
三、要理清记叙顺序
 
记叙文以写人记事为主。为了表达主题思想的需要,对记叙的材料必然要作一个主从、先后、详略的安排。记叙人的活动和事件的过程,可以按照时间先后或事件发展过程来写;也可以打破事物本来的发展顺序,把最后结局或发展过程中某一突出事件提到前面先写,然后再回过头来按照事件发生发展的顺序叙述;
 
也可是在叙述过程中,暂时中断,插入另一段与中心有关的内容,然后继续进行原来的叙述。这就形成了记叙文的顺叙、倒叙、插叙等几种叙述方式,成为记叙文体的一个特点。
 
四、要理解描写、议论和抒情的作用
 
记叙文的主要表达方式是记叙,但还常常辅以描写、议论、抒情。使文章文情并茂,所记叙的人物血肉丰满,栩栩如生,所写事件细致生动,文章的思想感情更鲜明突出。阅读记叙文,理解文中的描写、议论和抒情的作用,是我们把握全文内容和作者思想感情的重要途径。
 
 
 
 
First, we should grasp the elements of narrative 
 
Narrative-based articles generally contain six basic elements: time, place, event, character and event occurrence, cause and result of development. Of course, this is not to say that every narrative must specify the six elements. In some articles, if some elements of the six elements are well known to the reader, it is not necessary to write them as long as they do not affect the effect of expression. That is to say, although some elements are not specified, they are already available in the article. 
 
 
Reading narrative and grasping narrative elements are the basis and key to understand the content of the full text. Only by clarifying the context of the characters'activities or events, can we accurately grasp the purpose of the article from the material. 
 
2. To Discriminate Narrative Clues
 
 
In organizing materials, no matter which narrative method is used, narrative must form an organic whole, so excellent narrative has a clear clue. Or take the transfer of time, the change of space and the development of thoughts and feelings as narrative clues, or run through the whole text with specific questions and articles. 
 
 
When reading, we can have a clear understanding of the structure and organization of the article by grasping the clues leading the whole article. Therefore, grasping the clues of narration is also an important aspect of narrative reading. 
 
 
In order to accurately grasp the narrative clues, first of all, we need to understand the original text, understand the relationship between the characters and the context of events. On this basis, the relationship between the various materials is analyzed, and the relationship between these materials is speculated. Find out the organic connection of the material, that is to say, find the clue of the article. 
 
In fact, as far as its nature is concerned, the clue is the link between the light and the dark. Its function is to make the material unified, the structure rigorous, and the content of the article easy to express. Therefore, the clue is also the reflection of the author's writing ideas in the article. Reading narrative, we must guess the author's thinking, accurately grasp the clues of the article. 
 
3. Clarifying the Narrative Order 
 
Narrative is mainly about people and stories. In order to express the need of thematic thinking, narrative materials must be arranged in a subordinate, sequential and detailed way. The process of describing people's activities and events can be written in accordance with the time sequence or the development process of events; it can also break the original order of development of things, and mention a prominent event in the final outcome or development process before writing, and then turn back to narrate in accordance with the sequence of occurrence and development of events. 
 
 
It may also be that during the narrative process, the narrative is temporarily interrupted, another paragraph related to the center is inserted, and then the original narrative is continued. This forms several narrative modes, such as narrative narration, narrative narration and narrative insertion, and becomes a feature of narrative style. 
 
 
4. Understanding the Role of Description, Comment and Lyrics 
 
 
The main way of expression of narrative is narrative, but it is often supplemented by description, comment and lyric. Make the article full of literature and feelings, the characters described are full of flesh and blood, vivid, the events written are meticulous and vivid, and the thoughts and feelings of the article are more distinct and prominent. Reading the narrative and understanding the descriptive, argumentative and lyric functions are important ways to grasp the content of the full text and the author's thoughts and feelings. 
 

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